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Australian Brahman Selection Indexes: Technical Specifications

More detailed information regarding each selection index is provided in the downloadable document.

The Australian Brahman Breeders’ Association Ltd. currently reports two different selection indexes. These are the:

  • Central Production Index
  • Live Export Index

All of the selection indexes described above have been derived using BreedObject software. The BreedObject selection index development process involves four major steps. These steps are:

  1. A detailed description of the input costs and value generation of the commercial herd and target production system.
  2. Once the target production system is described, the BreedObject software evaluates how each trait influences profitability and the economic value of improving each trait.
  3. The BreedObject software then assesses what emphasis needs to be applied to each Estimated Breeding Value (EBV) trait to achieve the maximum profitability in the production system and for the market end point for which that index was designed. This step includes evaluating the selection response expected from direct selection on the individual EBVs and the correlated responses expected from selection on related EBVs.
  4. The importance placed on each EBV results in the selection index value that is calculated for each animal.

Each selection index describes a different production system/market scenario and relates to a typical commercial herd using Brahman bulls. As is the case for EBVs, each selection index can be used to rank and compare animals on their genetic merit. Producers are advised to use the selection index that most closely aligns to their production system. See the Using Australian Brahman Selection Indexes tip sheet, available in the Help Centre on the BREEDPLAN website, for further information on the identification and utilisation of the most applicable selection index for your herd.

All selection indexes are reported in units of net profitability per cow mated ($) for the production system/market scenario they describe. Selection indexes account for both sides of the profit equation (costs as well as income), and also reflect the relative short and long term profit associated with possible selection decisions. For example, short term profit can be generated by a bull through the sale of his progeny, and the longer term profit generated by his daughters in a self-replacing cow herd.

Each of the selection indexes are focused on efficient beef production while also targeting the following specifications:

Central Production Index - Estimates the genetic differences between animals in net profitability per cow joined for a typical self-replacing commercial herd targeting pasture finished steers (e.g. central Queensland). Selected heifers are retained for breeding and so maternal traits are of importance. Steers target 580 kg live weight (315 kg carcase weight and 10 mm P8 fat depth) at 27 months of age, and heifers 470 kg (250 kg carcase weight and 12 mm P8 fat depth) at 25 months of age.

Live Export Index - Estimates genetic differences between animals in net profitability per cow joined for an example self-replacing commercial herd (tropical environment) targeting steers for the live export markets.  Steers are assumed to be pasture grown to shipment and entry to overseas feedlots.  Steers are assumed to be marketed to the live export agencies at 300 kg live weight and then slaughtered after 120 days feedlot finishing at 470 kg live weight (255 kg HSCW).

More detailed information regarding each selection index is provided in the downloadable document.

If you have any further queries regarding the Australian Brahman Selection Indexes, please do not hesitate to contact staff at your BREEDPLAN processing centre.